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What is the Difference Between a MIG and TiG Welder?

  • July 28, 2021
  • / By MF

Want to weld by yourself but can’t figure out how? Then you’re in the right place! There are quite a few types of welding processes. Therefore, I don’t blame you if you are confused about which process you should opt for. Among the four main types of welding, I’ll be talking about the differences between a MIG and TIG welder today.

For starters, let’s get to know the meanings of these two terms. MIG welding is an abbreviation for Metal Inert Gas welding. On the other hand, TIG welding means Tungsten Inert Gas welding. Both are arc welding processes but are conducted quite differently.

MIG vs TIG Welding

Hence, each process has its pros and cons depending on the project that you’re working on. In addition, the technique of using the arc for each procedure is distinct. As a result, if your welding process and the material don’t go hand in hand, you’ll have to bear severe consequences.

So, let your curious mind dive into the details of MIG vs. TIG welding.

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Difference Between TIG and MIG Welding

Quality

My life’s motto has forever been the phrase ‘Quality over quantity.’ The lack of quality in anything, whether it is life or work, makes it useless. Doesn’t it? The same theory applies to welding products. And in this case of MIG vs. TIG welding, TIG welding takes the trophy for quality.

Although MIG welds are extremely durable, they tend to form small holes. This eliminates their use in vessels that need pressure and seals. In contrast, TIG welds are always the first preference for such jobs. That’s because they produce welds with impressive finishing.

TIG welding works the best on thinner materials such as aluminum and stainless steel. So, if you want to craft intricate, artistic pieces, then TIG welding is the one you should go for. However, if you need to get done with a piece and make it sturdy, MIG welding will do fine as well.

Precision

No one wants a lousily finished product. We all look for perfection, don’t we? Do you know the key to mastering perfection? Yes, you guessed it right! It is precision. Judging from the statements above, which technique do you think is more precise?

It could not have been more obvious, could it? Of course! It is TIG welding. Contrary to MIG welding, the driver of a TIG welding machine has more control over the gun than MIG welding. This is because the arc of a TIG welder is composed of a non-consumable tungsten electrode instead of the filler metal and electrode of a MIG welder.

The machinist of a TIG welder has the opportunity to control the depth and momentum of the weld. Along with that, one can also regulate the temperature of the arc. As a result, every stroke delivered by a TIG welder is detailed as ever.

Cleanliness

Among the multitude of factors that you should consider while choosing a welding method, cleanliness should be one of your top priorities. The environment you work in should not make you sick at any cost. Along with that, I bet you don’t want to be cleaning up messes for hours even after completing your job.

Due to this reason, I will highly recommend TIG welding when it comes to cleanness. As I’ve already said earlier, the filler in a TIG welder is operated manually. Thus, it doesn’t splash, unlike a MIG welder. Unfortunately, MIG welders also tend to give out harmful gasses and vapor that are not environment-friendly.

Diversity

Have you noticed a pattern yet? TIG welding has been leading this battle of MIG vs. TIG welding from the beginning. You might have begun to wonder why one might even choose MIG welding in the first place when TIG has so many advantages.

My friend’s answer to that question is that MIG welding cannot be defeated when it comes to diversity. But, unfortunately, while it’s true that TIG welding is compatible with numerous types of metals, it doesn’t perform well on thicker projects.

MIG welding bestows you with the advantage of combining heavy metal pieces. This is possible because of the wire feed. It plays a dual role and acts as a filler as well as an electrode. That’s why you don’t need to use as much heat as you would while using a TIG welder. This distinct use of filler also enables the joining of non-identical materials using MIG welding.

Speed

Do you agree with the statement that time is money? Wasting time is equivalent to losing a valuable resource, isn’t it? Then what should you do to save time? Yes, the answer to this question is quite obvious. Go for the process that takes up less time. And for that, you need to know which one in MIG vs. TIG welding is swifter.

After consecutive wins for TIG, MIG welding is here to snatch the crown in terms of speed. However, since TIG welding gives more importance to precision, it takes longer to complete the procedure. On the other hand, MIG welding guns are capable of working consistently for lengthy durations.

This difference between a MIG and TIG welder makes it ideal for commercial use.

Cost

The speediness of a MIG welder gives it a third advantage. The fact that it is faster than a TIG welder means that it can produce more goods than a TIG welder in the same amount of time. If you’re a businessman or industrialist, then you must know what that means.

The more work you can get done in a specific time, the more profitable it is for you. Keeping that in mind, a MIG welder surpasses a TIG welder. It is more efficient and saves you a hefty sum of money. Besides that, MIG parts are also considerably cheaper than TIG welder parts.

Ease

One of the most crucial aspects that make up the difference between a MIG and a TIG welder is the ease of operation. The fact that you’re capable of using either of them will decide which one you can go for. That’s because your decision about a MIG vs. TIG welder won’t matter if you fail to operate them.

In this case, I’d advise you to choose a MIG welder without thinking twice. TIG welders are comparatively harder to operate. You need to make use of both of your hands and one of your feet, all in different positions to make a TIG welder work. Unlike that, MIG welders only require the use of a single hand. Thus, making it easier for beginners or nonprofessionals to operate them.

Article Source: en.wikipedia.org

About the Author MF

MF is a 24-year young Blogger. He Started High Quality Guides to provide unbiased reviews, tips, and advice in the form of Top 10 Lists and beyond.

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